SANTA BARBARA, Calif. — A new report from the University of California-Santa Barbara’s Michael D. Palm Center, led by a team of retired senior flag and general officers from the U.S. military, has concluded that the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” ban on openly gay service members is counterproductive and should end. The report marks the first time a Marine Corps general has ever called publicly for an end to the gay ban.

“I believe this should have been done much earlier,” said Brigadier General Hugh Aitken, USMC (Ret.), one of the authors of the report.

The report makes 10 findings and four recommendations, including that the policy prevents some gay troops from performing their duties; that gays already serve openly; that tolerance of homosexuality in the military has grown dramatically; and that lifting the ban is “unlikely to pose any significant risk to morale, good order, discipline, or cohesion.”

General John Shalikashvili, the former Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who previously favored the gay ban but reversed course last year, endorsed the officers’ new study, calling it “one of the most comprehensive evaluations of the issue of gays in the military since the Rand study 15 years ago.”

The study was based on discussions the senior flag and general officers held with expert panels in Washington, D.C. over the past year. The group heard from senior and enlisted military members, scholarly experts and government officials. Prominent opponents of letting open gays serve in the military were also invited to testify.

Aaron Belkin, director of the Palm Center, said the new report could bolster recent momentum in Congress to change the policy. “Many lawmakers want to untie the military’s hands on this policy,” Belkin said, “and today’s report will likely add pressure on Congress to act.”

Results from a mid-March 2006 poll from the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press shows that public acceptance of LGBT people has grown, including views on “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.”

Among the results, the poll showed that between 1994 and 2006, acceptance of openly gay service members rose eight percentage points — 60 percent of Americans support allowing open gays in the military, compared with only 52 percent in 1994.

The greatest change in views was among poll participants in the South. In 1994, only 42 percent of Southerners favored openly gay service. In 2006, 58 percent supported open service.

The Pew Research poll was conducted among 1,405 adults from March 8-12, 2006.

One day after the release of the Palm Center’s report, 52 retired U.S. generals and admirals signed a statement supporting the repeal of the discriminatory U.S. law.

The statement read, in part, “We respectfully urge Congress to repeal the ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ policy. Those of us signing this letter have dedicated our lives to defending the rights of our citizens to believe whatever they wish. As General Colin Powell, Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs said when the ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ policy was enacted, it is not the place of the military or those in senior leadership to make moral judgments…

“As is the case in Britain, Israel, and other nations which allow gays and lesbians to serve openly, our service members are professionals who are able to work together effectively despite differences in race, gender, religion, and sexuality. Such collaboration reflects the strength and the best traditions of our democracy.”


Photo Credit: Pew Research Center for the People & the Press

Matt Comer

Matt Comer previously served as editor from October 2007 through August 2015 and as a staff writer afterward in 2016.